Introduction

Python vs. Java is the hottest discussion between developers. Every developer is looking for the future. The statistical comparison between both says that Java is slowly fading away and Python is increasing its influence. Giving the verdict to the superiority of one language over others would-be partiality. In the market of SPA apps, there is a great demand to hire a javascript developer. This comparison of the two leading language gives you an idea of what to choose for your web development company project.

Java and Python development in 2019

The two languages stand upfront for the developers because they gain several similarities with their cross-platform support and supportive libraries. Both languages treat everything as an object and compile the code to byte code. The minor difference Python takes is that it obeys runtimes compilation. Java and python both are members of the algal community where python deviates from C and C++.

*The support for python 2.x is going to be ended on January 2020 where for a long time python has been fragmented between 2.x versions and 3.x versions. With the end of life for python, 2.x the community is now looking for 3.x version.

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Meanwhile, Oracle also released the new model for Java, which anticipated the software community. Although the announcement offered great upgradation and clear path, still the confusion continued to stay. However, some platform providers like Amazon and Red hat came forward to support Open Jdk but in fact; the JAVA community is more fragmented than ever.

To clear the doubts, let’s look between the differences and similarities between Java and python:

  • Java and Python web development share noticeable similarities because of being the powerful programming languages with large and divided communities along with a huge stack of libraries available. Java and Python also share differences in several aspects. Some differences objective in nature while other differences are arising from the opinion and the useful reference of developers according to their programming environment.
  • Java is termed as compiled language whereas the python is known as an interpreted language. The basic difference between both languages gives respective benefits and drawbacks to each. Often the argument arises that which is faster between interpreted code and compiled code. The answer is nuanced because which is faster truly depends on the environment where they are used. Interpreted language python is faster in massively parallel mode over GPUs.
  • Another basic difference is that both languages are written differently. Python uses indentation for performing the free task whereas Java codes are enclosed in braces. Python is considered readable and well structured because the proper indentation determines the code execution.
  • Structural differences affect the speed of typing. Also, they impose an impact on the skills of a developer to learn the language. More often than not, the impact comes from personal preferences because the professional developers rely on IDEs, and templates for coding which makes the structural differences not so powerful speed down the code.
  • The programmers generally debate on the merits of python web development and Java development. In simple words, the python supporters say that python comes out to be 5 times more productive than Java with its dynamic typing. Which languages more productive depending on the coding style, application requirements and the experience of a programmer? Back with logics, the language code is eventually turned into the machine code and the machined code is always the same no matter where it is coming from.

Trends in Java and Python

Once Java has been the most reputed language for web development company but the trends are now going downward for Java and Python growth is booming very highly especially in high-income countries. Despite being the most popular language, Java is still being considered the fading language in front of python. The reason behind the increasing growth of python includes language flexibility, ease of learning, and the proliferated used in hot areas like artificial intelligence and data science. The use of languages of widely accepted for web applications, network servers, media tools, and other generic areas.

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Market share:

The comparison of the popularity of the two languages is too difficult. Taking the reference of popularity comparison from a new relic blog or for websites like Tiobe, Java comes first over the list whereas python finds a place in the top 5. Large communities support Java languages. The programmers from Java User Group attend giant high profile events like Java 1, which positively brings new additions to Java now and then.

Python community is also robust with its 1630 user groups scattered in 37 countries and 191 cities. The community strongly boasts of 860,000 competent members working together to make python a better language every day. Python events also include PyLadies meetup, where women developers code together.

For new developers, learning any language is a marketable option to get a better job. Nevertheless, it is always recommendable to take knowledge of several popular options.

The true aim of any programming language is to serve the developer for the completion. Of particular task through the machine in the most straightforward manner. Generally, a language is weighed over the conciseness of the code and the speed of execution. During this, it is always advisable to keep the purpose in mind.

Flexibility also comes as the base for the comparison platform. When working with Python, you can work with multiple programming paradigms. The developer is free to use the paradigm, which best suits, the need for a particular code rather than relying on the single paradigm for the whole application.

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Security concern:

According to data, 88% of Java apps are facing security issues. The language has been hurt by the less than stellar reputation in terms of security. Although the language is not that much worse for security, in fact, the bad reputation of Java is due to the problems with the Java browser plug-in which decimates the other benefits of language for custom software development companies.

Truly speaking the python’s security record is also not that much scintillating, but Lang has enjoyed great support in the particular area. The use of used for the language has made no compromise with security where are a skilled developer can provide better security. For the backend, security python works well, whereas, for client-side scripting, you must hire javascript developer.

Threading model:

Both Lang uses different threading models. Java is multithreaded whereas python uses Global Interpreter Lock. Later in the single-threaded language, which can run over the single CPU at a time. Alongside using GPU is also easier in python compared to Java.

When it comes to large-scale development, Java development is known to create added functionalities, which make Java more flexible and smarter. Powerful Java virtual machine is widely accepted for creating the cross-platform application and the proud language as always been considered Excel for building traditional applications, which most of the businesses make use of. The language is supporting 90% of the fortune 500 companies. This perfectly ensures that the loyal customer base of Java is not letting it fade away very soon.

Developer skills:

There is. No single language that suits every situation. For any given point of time, if the developer knows multiple languages, it becomes easier to adapt to a particular application need.

Java vs. Python Typing Difference

Both are object-oriented languages widely used in custom software development company, but java uses static types whereas python is relying on dynamic. This is the basic but most powerful difference, which influences your design, writing, and troubleshooting.

Java vs. Python typing

Java and Python are known as object-oriented languages. Java makes use of static types, on the other hand, Python is dynamic. It demystifies a significant difference and influences how you design, write, write and fundamentally troubleshoot programs. Let us look at two code examples.

Static typing eases the detection of typing errors in compiles time and enforces the disciplined coding structure. It also makes coding faster by reducing runtime errors.

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Whitespace

Python code is considered more concise and readable because the formatting choices are limited. The whitespaces are part of Python’s syntax. It uses tabs for nesting and makes use of a colon to initiate the loop and conditional blocks.

The larger programs show the difference between the java snippet and python snippet. The use of braces makes a strong difference in readability. Putting on the scale, the latter’s brevity is deeper than the java.

Performance

Both are used in cross-platform apps. The codes are translated into the byte code and run into a Virtual machine. However, there is one significant difference that python compiles in runtime whereas Java compiles in advance.
The differences are sometimes significant in performance comparison. The simple binary tree test runs 10x faster for Java.

Final Thoughts


To select the one between both is are hard task unless you are oriented towards the project goals. Choosing one depends on the project requirement. The large projects are better to be built with python, whereas for the performance, java creates a substantial platform. Java’s just-in-time compiler creates an advantage for the swifter requirements. Putting backend over the java or python, you must hire a javascript developer for front-end apps.