Since the late 90’s web application development has gained an enormous pace. Trespassing the boundaries of government structures, the web gained spread out to the private infrastructure and then entered into daily lives.

Although it is superfluous to count the presence of the web in different infrastructures, still we can emphasize its use in different areas of society such as education, business, industry, and core engineering.

Today, there is no single work that can be done without the help of the web. The magnanimous use of the web made the world addicted to internet enable technology.

The web world is an interconnected set of pages, similar to the collective set of information. Businesses feel the necessity of a website. This is due to the significance of the websites on their revenue generation.

Read More:- How To Start A Web Development Business Fast

Old world where local customers were the only way to generate revenue, local advertisements were limiting the efforts and competition.  There was no application development company there. With the Y2K era rolling out, the internet gave a strong oracle voice for web development services’ long-lasting existence.

The web is the father of all inventions in IT. Whatever growth, IT has gained so far, is proposed in direction of making the web world a more robust, accessible, and secure place to interact and communicate.

Learning for web development is like gaining primary education in the world of technology. For every component of IT learning, the knowledge of web protocols is necessary.  The process of creating a website used to be simpler earlier, but with time, it gained a little complexity.

Here in this article, we will be discussing details about website development. This article may work as a complete guidebook for business owners, who want websites for their work but lack the knowledge of coding.

web development company structure

What is website development?

Website development or web application development is the process of building a web page or collection of web pages on the internet. These pages are stored in some location, called domain address on the internet.

There are many types of websites, which are primarily classified as static websites and dynamic websites. Putting on other criteria, websites can be classified into single-page websites and multipage complex websites.

Almost two decades ago, the majority of the websites were made static. Neither, it was expected by business owners to have dynamic websites, nor the technology was available.

Websites were considered the sole contact medium with the information of the business on the internet or somewhere on the web page. People used to hire dedicated developers for making a static changes to the website.

web-development

In a broader frame, all complex web apps, social media networks, and all collections of webpage stored with some domain name on the internet are called the website.

Web development comprises the coding part with the special markup language known as Html. This markup coding is comprehensible by a web browser, which allows seeing the web page in a specific format.

Apart from coding, web development services refer to all development-related tasks such as server-side scripting, client-side scripting, network configuration, content management system development, eCommerce development, and many more. Today, website development is too expansive, with huge scalability from single-page apps to complex apps.

What is The Importance of Website Development? 

Website is important for every kind of business. Whether you are a freelancer or a business owner or even a web development firm, whether you are from the education industry or the health industry, the website is for everyone.

Websites build a string stage for your business to stand upon and tell the expertise and mastery over the product building. Regardless of your arena and technical expertise, the basics of website development are crucial and come out helpful in building the market strategy.

The technology-driven world is fledged with several frameworks today. It is not necessary to master the coding skills, but the basic- know-how is important.

Read More:- Most Effective And Latest Trends In Web Development 2021 That Must Be Looked Forward To By Every CTO

If you wish your business to be successful in a modern sphere, you need to have a professional design. Your website is considered the backbone of your business.

A good website needs to support all digital marketing efforts. Here are a the few use cases which can clarify the importance of a website for your business.

  1. Importance of a website for marketing
  2. Importance of a website for sales
  3. Importance of a website for credibility

1. Importance of a website for marketing

The importance of a website is permeable to every extent of digital marketing. Website is considered the backbone of marketing because your call to action is always placed on your website and whatever marketing effort you make, all collectively work to bring the customer back to your website.

Even from the mobile application development company, the website is the core practice of marketing. A perfect website gives a clear idea of the brand and its products.

Let’s take the example of social media marketing.  Social media marketing is aimed to expand the market and increase followers. But ultimately the goal is to attract all traffic to your website.

2. Importance of a website for sales

Sales are breath for the business. It is the only way, which keeps your company, running. An improved sale increases the health of the company, and here the importance of a perfect web application cannot be overstated.

Having an online presence leverages you to reach more consumers and reut more opportunities. Hiring dedicated developers does not bring a paying customer to your website; rather it builds a strong lead for your business.

When you do search engine optimization, you can get some qualified leads. Not only do the sales increase, but the availability to the market also increases. You can sell products around the clock regardless of your location and time zone.

3. Importance of a website for credibility

A good website built by a web Development Company allows the consumer to know, what your brand is. Also, to showcase the product, you can tell the customer about the company and its mission.

When the consumer knows your business, you establish trust and build long-lasting relation. This process you generally see with top web development companies.

Internet is now an omnipresent substance in the world. It is becoming a primary way of communication, education, and entertainment, all credit goes to the huge competition of web development companies.

According to data, there are 4.2 billion internet users worldwide. The whopping figures s almost half of the world’s population. Every individual uses the internet for different reasons and the increase in the number of users is also uprising the great demand of web developers.

Website Development Basics

  1. What a Website Is
  2. What an IP Address Is
  3. What HTTP Means
  4. What Coding Is
  5. What Front-end Means
  6. What Back-end Means
  7. What a CMS Is
  8. What Cybersecurity Is

Let’s review some of the basics of web development

1. What is a website? 

Website is the collection of files stored on the server. The server is nothing but the power system attached to the giant network. We will discuss the server later.

Every website is stored with some domain name, which is addressed s of the website. Browsers are computer apps, which load the program with the help of an internet connection. Companies need to hire dedicated developers for the full-fledged functional website.

2. What is an IP address?

An IP address is a set of few digits, which regulates internet communication. For accessing the website, you need to have an IP address, An IP address is the unique number string. Each device is allotted an IP address, which distinguishes them from billions of devices connected over the internet.

You can get the IP address of any website by reaching out to any IP Address Finder website. For finding your IP address, you can simply open CMD and type ipconfig or find the Network Utility à Traceroute on Mac. While accessing the website with an IP address is possible, finding with the domain name is the most prevalent pattern.

3. What is HTTP?

HTTP is used to connect your request and you to the remote server. HTTP can be called the protocol, which defined how messages are sent on the internet. A user can surf websites with the help of websites.

When you type a website domain name into a web browser, HTTP protocol offers the framework for enabling the communication between server and client. HTTP works as a translator for your web server, where it brings the code back to you and translates it to make it readable.

4. What is coding?

Coding is the process of writing code for web application development. Coding for a web page is done in HTML. HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language.

These languages comprise the vocabulary and a few rules for communication. It can also include abbreviations, punctuation, and other things. All the web apps and web pages are written using a coding language where it falls under two categories: 1) backend 2) font-end.

5. What is the front-end?

The front-end is the user interface of your website. These are simply designed and style pages, where users can see the information in a very structured way.

The front end is built with HTML and CSS. But now with the increasing demand for front-end developers, dynamic features, and advanced functions, JavaScript-based frameworks are very much popular.

Angular, AngularJS, React are some of the front-end examples used by web and mobile application development companies. The front-end developer allows the user to interact with the website, look at images, and watch videos.

6. What is the Back end?

The backend is the web page that is not visible to the user. This page is usually secure by login.  The backend is set up using the languages like Java, PHP, Python, and other languages.

7. What is CMS?

The content management system is the web development interface used by web development firms. It can be called a large website with some add-on powerful functionality.

CMS is used to create the content and manage the content of the web page. WordPress, Wix, etc. are a few examples of CMS used by the cms development company. CMS offers well-managed content placement with plug-in functions. CMS is used for eCommerce portals and blogging websites.

8. What is cybersecurity? 

Security is a highly buzzing word in the web world. Hackers keep their eyes on vulnerable websites and IP addresses. Cyber Security is the associated risk with the internet.

With the increasing number of apps by mobile app development companies, security is more at risk. For To prevents hackers from stealing information, installing spyware, cybersecurity mechanisms are taken into consideration.

Types of Web Development

  1. Front-end Development
  2. Back-end Development
  3. Full Stack Development
  4. Website Development
  5. Desktop Development
  6. Mobile Development
  7. Game Development
  8. Embedded Development
  9. Security Development

When you are looking for a web development company, you will get to see many types of projects. For a non-technical person, it is hard to decide, which type of web development he wants.

Hiring a web developer is a nice option for your company, but it is recommended first to understand the difference between different types of web development.

how to create website

These different web development types focus on the different aspects of the website. Here is a little detail about types of web development that can help you understand, and let you make the right decision while looking for top web development companies.

1. Front end development

A frontend developer work on the user interface of websites. The style and design, are what users will see as they open the website or search for the specific domain name.

The main job of the developers is to help users reach the desired service and product.  A front-end developer is responsible for the overall look and feel of the website. Usually, full-stack development services can relieve you from this overload.

2. Backend Development

Backend is developed for managing the content, which is viewed over the screen. Backend developers work from the server-side and offer add-on functionality for the website.

A backend developer ensures the proper functioning of the website. If your website is huge and demands several functions, backend management becomes necessary, and the number of languages such as Java, PHP, etc.

Many CMS development companies offer this CMS development service for the rich backend. The developer also integrates the website with a database for the data shown with the database.

3. Full-stack development 

Full-stack development is the famous word in the application development company. It refers to end-to-end development. A full-stack developer works on both the front end and bareback end

He works with several technologies for database management, frontend, backend, deployment, and team collaboration. These developers are often utilized for enterprise-level apps, which contain complex requirements.

Stack simply refers to the number of technologies, such as server, frontend, interface, database, and many more.  The level of expertise of full-stack developers is not demanded by simple website projects.

This role is sought after for building enterprise-level reliable applications. The all-around knowledge helps the developer to optimize the code performance and distribute the app with many web services.

4. Website Development

When we talk about website development, it comprises all frontend, backend, and full-stack development. You may refer to any one of three or all as per your needs. Don’t confuse the full stack developer with the term used at mobile app development companies. That is an entirely different stack.

5. Desktop development

Desktop apps are custom software development, which runs locally on the devices. These apps work locally and may or may not connect to the internet. Web development skills are different from desktop development.

6. Mobile development

Mobile development refers to the software development for mobile phones such as android and iOS development. These apps are different from desktops.

Today mobile applications have taken the form of PWA, which is developed with the same technology stack as PWA development firm uses. Although, native apps completely differ from web technology.

7. Game development

In the gaming industry, there is a different set of coding stacks used. Both console games and mobile games share some common technology with game development. Game developers use different frameworks for building professional games.

8. Embedded development

This type of development task is done for electronic devices. The embedded development includes Machine learning, IoT, real-time systems, and scala programming, majorly popular today among mobile application development companies. With the rise in IoT culture and smart appliances, the needs of embedded development got highlighted.

Website Development Process

web-development-process

  1. Planning
  2. Create a Wireframe
  3. Write your Website Code
  4. Build the back-end of your website
  5. Build the front-end of your website
  6. (Optional) Work with a CMS
  7. Acquire a domain name
  8. Launch your site

Website development is not a single stretch task. The development comprises multiple stages where each stage is a collection of few processes.

Based on the type of app, programming language, and the complexity of the app, web development is classified into multiple stages. The app development starts with planning and ends with deployment. Here, below are the few stages of development.

1. Planning

Before penning the website development company’s idea to the paper, it is necessary to visualize and ideate the final product. Ideation is the process of magnifying your ideas and bringing them to the real product.

It is important to connect with the team and develop a plan for web development companies.  Here are a few things that we must answer before drafting the details of the web app or website.

  • Know your audience and what you want them to do with the website.
  • Know the type of website you need.
  • What is the content that you want to publish on the website?
  • What can be the size of the content?
  • How do you want your website to structure?
  • What type of navigational experience do you want on your website?
  • Decide your budget limit for web application development

Answering the above question helps you in defining the details of your project. This process of ideation requires enough research and interaction with several other partners.

Read More:- How To Create A Website From Scratch?

Build a list of priorities and mark them as per levels 1, 2, and 3. Create a raw structure on paper with some basic necessary features. Include features that are breath for your web app and discard all others for now. It is easier to create the roadmap for the project, once ideation is enough.

2. Create a Wireframe

Every good project starts with prototyping. Development teams call this wireframe or the sitemap of the website. Generally, the sitemap is prepared in .xml which helps the search engine to crawl your website.

It needs not be an official document. The prototype is just the starting point, where your developer can start from. Good prototyping can give a robust idea about the final product and its features.

wireframe

You can build the prototype on a whiteboard, or use the tools such as Invision, Mindnode, etc. A fine prototype is similar to a business plan, which can give investors an insight into your goals.

For building a perfect prototype, you can discuss it with developers and prepare a rough estimation of the flow.  Here are a few points, that web development firms need to work upon.

  1. What pages do you want? What is the content for those pages?
  2. How do you categorize your products and how do you offer them?
  3. Prepare page hierarchy on your website.
  4. How the pages are linked.
  5. What are the pages, which are essential for, user experience?
  6. What pages can be clubbed together for saving cost?
  7. Whether you want a web development company or dedicated developers?

It is always a good idea to discuss with your team. Also, it is important to get some SEO expert advice. Page linking, page content, page size, and navigation are critical for good SEO.

3. Write your Website Code

The next step is technical. Here the coding starts. Full stack development services have their own set of platforms. Also, the choice of platforms depends upon the level of website you want to build.

For the simple static website, HTML and CSS are used. Whereas if the website needs some tweaks over the months or days, WordPress is preferred 80 percent of the time.

programming

Also, the theme and styling matter with the user interface. For the user interface, the front end of the website is developed using some advanced technologies and JavaScript-enabled websites. Different languages can be included in building a strong project.

Here is a little detail of the technology stack that can be used for web development, Let’s start with the most commonly-used languages. Almost every website uses these three together, and yours probably will, too.

HTML

It is one of the oldest languages used by website development companies, sued for web development. Since the start of the ’90s, HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is incessantly giving every kind of web app, with the most contemporary compatibility features. Whether it is a simple web page or a progressive web app, HTML enables healthy development with its latest powers.

HTML is the foundation language for building the web page and this HTML works as drafting of the content. The draft is then modified, styled, and animated using other technologies such as CSS, JavaScript, and jQuery.

Here is an example of HTML tags:

<a href= www.google.com id=”google_link” onclick=”onclick ()”> Here you reach Google</a>
HTML 5 is the latest version of HTML, which offers an advanced level of functionality and cross-platform capabilities.

CSS

CSS stands for cascading style sheet.  CSS is there since the late ’90s and since then, it has been designing the elements and components of the web pages. CSS makes a charismatic impact on the simple drafted .html pages.

CSS is compatible with the entire browser. Here is a sample for styling a Google link given in the example above

<style>
#google_link
{Text-decoration: none;
Margin-left: 100px;
Font: red;
Background: #27a967;
Color: white;
Text-align: center;}
</style>

JavaScript

JavaScript is the pro of web development. The language was created in the mid-’90s and since then the website has been superior in functionalizing the elements.

It is highly used by application development companies. Developers often use JavaScript for adding animated features; automating some tasks and submitting the nested form without reloading the whole page using Ajax. JavaScript is today much popular because of its ability to deliver interactive features.

JavaScript is today a mature language, which has become the foundation of many latest frameworks. With the help of JavaScript-based framework, Node.js development, Vue.js development, etc.

JavaScript has extended its reach to backend development. JavaScript is now being tried for machine learning. It is really recommended by experts to hire a node js developer.

Here is some sample link:

<script type=”text/javascript”>

onlick(){

Document.getElementById(‘google_link’).display= ’none’;

}

</script>

HTML, Javascript, and CSS are the three players of web development, which function together on almost 90 percent of websites. Javascript works on the browser level. If a user disables javascript, he won’t be able to see the javascript functions of the website.

4. Build the back-end of your website

Writing code is considered the actual task of a web development firm. But in fact, the previously mentioned tasks are the foundation for the flawless code and right direction.

Moreover, coding is not a single process. Coding comprises several other processes and their components. Building the structure of the website, and designing demand the orchestrated attempts over several components, which altogether known as coding

backend development

Back end developer manages the data handling and functioning of the front-end components. The front end shows the content and this content is delivered by the backend. Your social media account shows your photos, videos, and other data. This data is brought forward by the backend.

The backend interacts with two components:

  1. Database – Database is called a repository for your website. Here, the details are saved and the processing of the data is done at this level. The data which is heavy and requires proper security is moved to the database. The database is responsible for organizing, storing, and processing data. The web development company in the USA uses the latest stack of tools that comprise secure database handling.
  2. Server – The server is a powerful computer, which gives your website a space to reside. Servers are responsible for acknowledging the client’s requests and responding to them in a specific manner. The server contains the data and it works as the intermediary between client requests and database. Sever and database work together for building the website functioning.

Backend developer does the following tasks for web development services:

  1. Logic code – Logic code is the code that defines the result of every query. It is written in any choice of language by the developer. Here the proper mapping is done for every client request and responding components are addressed. This defines how the website will interact with the client. Node.js development and Angular js are reliable.
  2. Database management – Managing and maintaining the data is the responsibility of the database. Relational database management systems such as SQL, MySQL, and Postgre are some popular database choices, whereas MongoDB, NoSql is few non-relational database management systems.
  3. Infrastructure – This ensures the hosting details of your website. Hosting your website means making it live over the internet. Your server must be healthy and secure for the proper functioning of the website.

A backend developer is not actually necessary for every kind of website. For static websites, backend development is irrelevant, because there is no need of storing the data and user information.

With these components and decisions in place, your website will be ready for front-end development. For example, A portfolio website is generally made static and there are client handling tasks done over that. No login and logout functionality, no dynamic computation requirements, eliminate the need for backend development.

Whereas for the web apps such as Facebook, a robust backend is necessary. Everything from login details to user data is stored in a database.

Some Useful Backend Frameworks

  1. Express JS – This framework iOS majorly used by Uber and IBM. This is harder for learning.
  2. Django – Django is built on top of python. It is basically used by Google and many IT development companies.
  3. Spring Boot – It is based on J2EE. This backend is suitable for large projects but has a steep learning curve.
  4. Ruby on Rails:  This is a good framework for small projects. It is based on Ruby.
  5. Flask – The framework is easy and built with Python.

5. Build the front-end of your website

Front-end development refers to the development of user interface and UI components which is a common term in mobile app development companies.

This can be as vast as possible and possibly interact with the database. Famous web development CMS such as Wix, WordPress, and Squarespace offer easy UI development and front-end hosting.

A perfect frontend is important for your website, it offers huge customer attraction. Regardless of the functionality of websites and their number of features, a website can’t do well if the front end is not good.

This is the reason why Nodejs development is popular.  Front-end development is done using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Advanced JavaScript-powered framework such as Angular gives a fantastic dynamicity to the components.

This also handles the responsiveness of the website over different devices. Whether you hire an angular js developer or look for another framework, it is your choice. But the front end pays off.

The choice of technology is usually done before the wireframing level. Because at this level, the superficial information such as page designs, sample reference websites, and navigation is decided. Older tools are today less compatible with smart devices, therefore new frameworks are used for making future-proof websites.

Some Useful Front-End Frameworks

  1. React – It is a JavaScript-based framework. Popular for mobile app development.
  2. Backbone – Backbone is built with JavaScript. It is a lightweight framework.
  3. Vue – Easy framework with the power of JavaScript.
  4. Ember – This framework is best for mobile apps. This is largely used by Netflix.
  5. Angular – Angular js development is a typescript-based language and is considered good for single-page-application.

6. (Optional) Work with a CMS

Content Management Systems are popular for providing ease of website development. CMS offers the interface along with drag n drop tools for developing the website.

You can build a website using some themes available over there and most of the time you just need to change the text of the website. A CMS is easier to build, deploy and launch a website. The interface is so neatly given, that even a non-technical person can build and launch a website.

CMS like WordPress is fully packed with many plug-ins for easy customization, heavily used by mobile app development company around the world.

cms-development

It needs more time otherwise to implement each functionality. For example, if you want the eCommerce features in your website, you can integrate a plug-in that facilitates e-commerce.

There is some free plug-in available while some are premium which offers some professional features. This feature of easy development has increased the demand for back-end developers.

7. Acquire a Domain Name

At this point, when your website is prepared, you need a space and address to make it popular. Your website is allotted an IP address. It also needs a domain name, which helps your users to find your website.

The domain name and hosting space can be purchased from any of the web hosting providers. Some famous hosting providers are Godaddy and Hostinger.

domain name

These providers assist you in purchasing a domain name and registering with Internet Corporation for Assigned Name and Numbers. These domain names are provided on a subscription basis, which demands renewal.

8. Launch your site

Once you’ve set up a domain name and linked it to your host, you’re almost ready to unveil your work to the web. Still, there are few tasks which are left.

Before launch, it is always good to test your website. Testing by an IT development company ensures the right content, working navigation, and smooth user experience.

Website Development Resources

For the learners, who are willing to develop their own website, or business owners, who want to gain some technical knowledge?

  1. Tutorials PointTutorials Point is the free portal for learning full-stack development services. Whether you need to explore the web development frontend or backend, tutorials point is a perfect website to learn from.
  2. EggheadEgghead brings many web development professionals on a single platform. It provides you with perfect, concise, and practical solutions to web development queries.  Users can listen to podcasts, take lessons and work with a wide variety of development needs.  Before hiring a node js developer, it is best to go through the forum.
  3. Khan AcademyA renowned free educational resource. Users can learn a variety of topics easily.
  4. Free Code CampIt is a free platform like Khan Academy, where you can learn coding for free. With an extensive range of resources, the platform helps thousands of developers and new beginners.
  5. TreehouseIt is a famous online learning platform. One can join the platform on subscription, and learn multiple courses at a time.

Web development community

The web development community is the platform where all developers communicate and share updated information. Tips and tricks are shared over the platform, which can really be helpful for programmers, and researchers.

  1. Stack overflow – For ten years, stack overflow has been one of the most popular developer communities. Stack overflow follows for the programmers, by the programmers, and to the programmers’ principle. Users search for the questions and get reasonable answers. There are many professional back-end developers on the platform, who can give you reliable answers. Stack overflow connects you with other developers.
  2. Mozilla Development Network – Mozilla Network is popular for perfect solutions. It is more than a community and can be seen as a library of coding language appreciated by IT development companies. This network is useful for learning the functions and staying update on coding.
  3. Reddit – Reddit is a secure forum-based portal, where all developers assemble to query. The platform is really interactive and a popular hub for developers. Anyone can join subreddits.

Conclusion

Website development is as extensive as you want and as concise as you demand. In simple words, website development is a flexible process that depends on your demands.

Before website development starts, it is always advised to explore the internet over the idea you have. Even top web development companies in the USA prefer the extensive development process, starting from ideation to launch and testing. Extensive research can leverage a healthy and successful website.